Kashan is a major city in central Iran, with a magnificent history of carpet weaving dating from the sixteenth century. The classic parts show a diamond-shaped medallion with small matching spandrels on a floral field, but all-over Shah Abbas flowers, pictorial and trying scenes are also found. They are mostly made in wool, but silk carpets can be found. The base colors are traditional colors red and blue, but more recently Kashans have been woven in beige and pale, with gray-tone blue and olive-green, for the international market.
Visibility: KASHAN carpets and rugs have the greatest curvature and visibility among those of the cities in central of IRAN. They all have similar patterns--a single medallion in the center and Persian floral motifs, including arabesques and flower-stems, palmettos, rosettes, blossom and leaf motifs, forming one of the densest patterns.
Quality: KASHAN rugs and carpets are of excellent quality. Older ones (before 1945) are very good, but some of the newer ones are not as good. They sometimes have lower KPSI and they are chemically dyed. On the other hand, if you are a wise buyer, you can find a great deal. KASHAN rugs and carpets are one of the finest looking carpets in IRAN and the world.
Size & Shapes: Kashan rugs and carpets come in different sizes, but the majority of them are mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet). You can also find large rugs up to 0 x 18 feet.
Color: Ivory, light green and red predominate. Other colors such as soft green and blue are found in newer carpets.
Texture: Kashan rugs and carpets have soft wool and a thin, tight pile.
Foundation: Kashan rugs and carpets have soft wool and a thin, tight pile.
Knots: Kashan rugs and carpets have Persian knots, The weave is fine to exceptionally fine. The quality of the carpet depends upon the number of knots, which varies, but averages from around 120
KPSI (30 RAJ) up to 842 KPSI (80 RAJ).