Nahavand carpets are woven in the tribal village of Nahavand, north of the northwestern city of Hamedan in Iran. Most Nahavands rugs are about 5 feet by 8 feet, because the semi nomadic weavers using the simple horizontal floor-frames. They feature floral spray and geometric patterns, often in bright orange with royal blue details, rust or red salmon. The fame of Nahavand rugs are due to the brilliant quality wool used for weaving. The rugs often shine under a soft light.
History & Construction
Visibility: NAHAVAND rugs and carpets have nomadic and geometric patterns that usually consist of a single medallion set in a background full of small motifs surrounding the medallion.
Quality: The quality of NAHAVAND rugs is high. Because of the type of wool the weavers use, NAHAVAND rugs and carpets are extremely durable and shiny.
Size & Shapes: NAHAVAND rugs and carpets are usually small (2 x 3 to 4 x 6 feet) due to the use of horizontal looms. It is very difficult for weavers to make a large size carpet on horizontal looms.
Color: Another important characteristic of NAHAVAND rug is their coloration. Rusty red and khaki on a dark blue background is the main color structure of the region. There are other rugs from NAHAVAND that do not follow this coloration, but all NAHAVAND rugs have a very shiny appearance.
Texture: Very soft, shiny wool; thin, thick pile.
Foundation: Warps is mostly cotton; wefts is either cotton or wool.
Knots: Inspection of the back of the carpet is important because the weavers in NAHAVAND use flat-woven knots.